Mark’s gospel contains three passion predictions. 8:31, 9:31 and 10:33-34. In each case Jesus refers to himself as the ‘Son of Man’ It seems that Jesus self understanding was based upon the heavenly figure in Daniel 7
“I saw in the night visions,
and behold, with the clouds of heaven
there came one like a son of man,
and he came to the Ancient of Days
and was presented before him.
14 And to him was given dominion
and glory and a kingdom,
that all peoples, nations, and languages
should serve him;
his dominion is an everlasting dominion,
which shall not pass away,
and his kingdom one
that shall not be destroyed.
Here the ‘son of man’ is presented before the Lord and is given a kingdom. The beasts (read pagan nations) are destoyed and the son of man is vindicated. This passage was read by some as a messianic prophecy. 4 Ezra 11-12 picks up this theme as it reinterprets Daniel 7.
God responds to the the pagan nations.
Thou hast wielded power over the world with great terror,
and over all the inhabited earth with grievous oppression;
Thou hast dwelt so long in the civilized world with fraud,
41 and hast judged the earth, (but) not with faithfulness:
42 For thou hast afflicted the meek,
and oppressed the peaceable;
Thou hast hated the upright,
and loved liars;
Thou hast destroyed the strongholds of the fruitful,
and laid low the walls of such as did thee no harm—
43 And so thine insolence hath ascended to the Most High,
and thy pride to the Mighty One.
4 Ezra 11:40-43 promises to bring in his Messiah to sort things out.
his is the Messiah whom the Most High hath kept unto the end 〈of the days, who shall spring from the seed of David, and shall come and speak unto them;
Jesus seems to be using the ideas found in Daniel 7, however he reinterprets it around his life and ministry. The enemy is not the pagan nations but is Satan and the demonic, a force which is as much within Israel as amongst the pagans. Jesus like the son of man will be vindicated, this vindication being understood as resurrection. Jesus will do battle with the enemy by suffering and dying. This is not the typical role of the Messiah. The messiah was expected to bring violence in overthrowing the pagan rulers, instead Jesus will receive violence form the hand of the pagan rulers.
The Gospels transmit a rich cluster of rejection-vindication sayings. It includes the eschatological prospect (Mk 14:25 par. Mt 26:29 and Lk 22:16, 18), the cup metaphor (Mk 10:38–39 par. Mt 20:22–23; Mk 14:36 par. Mt 26:39 and Lk 22:42; John 18:11), the metaphor of baptism (Mk 10:38–39 par. Mt 20:22–23; Lk 12:50), the metaphor of the hour (Mk 14:35, 41 par. Mt 26:39, 45; Lk 22:53), the parable of the wicked tenants (Mk 12:1–12 par. Mt 21:33–46 and Luke 20:9–19) as well as the sign of Jonah saying (Mt 12:38–40; 16:1–2; Lk 11:29–32). What do these veiled predictions signify in detail?